acid

ˈæsɪd

Перевод:

Noun: кислота ЛСД язвительность ехидство
Adjective: кислотный кислый едкий язвительный

Фразы:

chloric acid - хлорноватая кислота

to put the acid on smb. - оказывать давление на кого-л., навязываться кому-л.

acid radical - кислотный радикал

acid looks - кислая мина

acid green - ярко-зелёный

lactic acid fermentation - молочнокислое брожение

acid-free - не содержащий кислоты, бескислотный

organic acid - органическая кислота

to overdye with the acid dyestuff - перекрасить с помощью кислотного красителя

acid slag - кислый шлак

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Примеры:

Acid attacks metals. - Кислота разъедает металлы.

I burned my skin with the acid. - Я обжёгся кислотой.

This movie critic has an acid wit. - У этого кинокритика злой язык.

a juicy apple with a slightly acid flavour - сочное яблоко с кисловатым вкусом

The juice of lemons yields citric acid. - Сок лимона содержит лимонную кислоту.

Citric acid can be extracted from the juice of oranges, lemons, or grapefruit. - Лимонная кислота может быть извлечена из сока апельсинов, лимонов или грейпфрутов.

She dropped acid when she was a teenager. - Она глотала "кислоту", когда была подростком. (сл. drop — принимать препараты через рот)

He was on an acid trip. - Он трипповал под ЛСД. / Он был под кислотой. / У него был кислотный трип.

These wines may taste rather hard and somewhat acid. - У этих вин довольно терпкий и несколько кисловатый вкус.

This comedy of contemporary manners is told with compassion and acid humour. - Эта комедия современных нравов написана с сочувствием и язвительным юмором.

Blueberry bushes need a very acid soil. - Черничным кустам нужна очень кислая почва.

Acid rain has a devastating effect on the forest. - Кислотные дожди оказывают губительное воздействие на лес.

These shrubs must have an acid, lime-free soil. - Для этих кустов требуется кислая, неизвестковая почва.

I was pushed tons of good acid that time, really cheap. - Тогда мне продали много хорошей кислоты, и совсем недорого.

All we had was acid and grass. Booze is a lot worse for you. - Всё, что мы себе позволяли, это кислота и травка. Пить гораздо хуже.

Because of pollution, this lake is now too acid to support fish. - Из-за загрязнения это озеро стало слишком кислотным, чтобы в нём могла водиться рыба.

People ask if the team is good enough. This match will be the acid test. - Люди спрашивают, достаточно ли хороша эта команда. Этот матч и станет лакмусовой бумажкой.

a product of lime and nitric acid - продукт реакции извести и азотной кислоты

Amino acid is synthesized in the body. - Аминокислота синтезируется в организме.

She soaked the etching in an acid bath. - Она погрузила гравюру в ванну с кислотой.

Fluoric acid acts destructively upon glass. - Фтористая кислота разрушительно воздействует на стекло.

The acid distills at a specific temperature. - Кислота конденсируется при определённой температуре.

Litmus paper turns red on contact with an acid. - Лакмусовая бумага краснеет при контакте с кислотой.

Acid eats into the metal, damaging its surface. - Кислота разъедает металл и повреждает его поверхность.

These drugs may elevate acid levels in the blood. - Эти препараты могут повысить уровень кислоты в крови.

a dilute acid that's safe to handle in the classroom - разбавленная кислота, с которой можно безопасно работать на уроках

Acetic acid is the chief active ingredient in vinegar. - Основным действующим веществом уксуса является уксусная кислота.

The belief that soda is made out of acid is just piffle. - Мнение о том, что газировка производится из кислот — просто ерунда.

This chemical substance can he resolved into an acid and oxygen. - Это вещество распадается на кислоту и кислород.

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Связанные термины:

acid drop: a boiled sweet with a sharp taste

acid dye: a dye in which the chromophore is part of a negative ion usually applied from an acidic solution

acid-fast: (of bacteria and tissues ) resistant to decolorization by mineral acids after staining

acid jazz: a type of music, popular in the 1980s and 1990s, that combines jazz with genres such as funk, hip-hop, and electronic dance music

acid rain: Acid rain is rain polluted by acid that has been released into the atmosphere from factories and other industrial processes. Acid rain is harmful to the environment .

acid rock: a type of rock music characterized by electronically amplified bizarre instrumental effects

acid salt: a salt formed by partial replacement of the acidic hydrogen atoms of the parent acid

acid soil: a soil that gives a pH reaction of below about 6, found esp in cool moist areas where soluble bases are leached away

acid test: The acid test of something is an important aspect or result that it might have, which allows you to decide whether it is true or successful .

acid trip: a psychedelic experience induced by ingesting the hallucinogen LSD

oxo acid: any acid that contains oxygen

thio acid: an acid in which part or all of the oxygen atoms in the molecule have been replaced by sulfur atoms

uric acid: a white odourless tasteless crystalline product of protein metabolism, present in the blood and urine ; 2,6,8-trihydroxypurine. Formula: C 5 H 4 N 4 O 3

acetic acid: Acetic acid is a colourless acid. It is the main substance in vinegar .

acid attack: To attack a person or place means to try to hurt or damage them using physical violence .

acid freak: a person taking or having taken LSD regularly and heavily, such that their psychological state has been affected

acid halide: any derivative of carboxylic acid in which the hydroxyl group has been replaced by a halogen atom

Acid House: Acid house is a type of electronic dance music with a strong, repeated rhythm .

acid number: a number indicating the amount of free acid present in a substance, equal to the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide needed to neutralize the free fatty acids present in one gram of fat or oil

acid-proof: resistant to the action of acid

acid reflux: the regurgitation of stomach acid into the oesophagus, causing heartburn

acid value: the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide required to neutralize the free fatty acid in one gram of a fat, oil, resin, etc

adipic acid: crystalline solid used in the preparation of nylon

amino acid: Amino acids are substances containing nitrogen and hydrogen and which are found in proteins. Amino acids occur naturally in the body.

boric acid: a white soluble weakly acid crystalline solid used in the manufacture of heat-resistant glass and porcelain enamels, as a fireproofing material, and as a mild antiseptic . Formula: H 3 BO 3

bromic acid: a colourless unstable water-soluble liquid used as an oxidizing agent in the manufacture of dyes and pharmaceuticals. Formula: HBrO 3

capric acid: a crystalline fatty acid, CH 3 (CH 2 ) 8 COOH, occurring as a glyceride in natural fats and oils, used in making artificial fruit flavors, perfumes, etc.

Caro's acid: a white hygroscopic crystalline unstable oxidizing acid. Formula: H 2 SO 5

cholic acid: crystalline acid found in bile

citric acid: Citric acid is a weak acid found in many kinds of fruit, especially citrus fruit such as oranges and lemons .

cyanic acid: colourless poisonous volatile liquid acid

domoic acid: an amino acid found in shellfish that can cause food poisoning

erucic acid: crystalline fatty acid

fatty acid: any of a class of aliphatic carboxylic acids, such as palmitic acid, stearic acid, and oleic acid, that form part of a lipid molecule

folic acid: Folic acid is one of the B group of vitamins. It is found in green vegetables and fruit .

formic acid: a colourless corrosive liquid carboxylic acid found in some insects, esp ants, and many plants: used in dyeing textiles and the manufacture of insecticides and refrigerants . Formula: HCOOH

gallic acid: a colourless crystalline compound obtained from tannin : used as a tanning agent and in making inks, paper, and pyrogallol ; 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid. Formula: C 6 H 2 (OH) 3 COOH

humic acid: a brown powder consisting of organic acids, derived from humus

iodic acid: a colourless or pale yellow soluble crystalline substance that forms acidic aqueous solutions . Used as a reagent and disinfectant . Formula: HIO 3

lactic acid: Lactic acid is a type of acid which is found in sour milk and is also produced by your muscles when you have been exercising a lot .

lauric acid: dodecanoic acid

Lewis acid: a substance capable of accepting a pair of electrons from a base to form a covalent bond

lipoic acid: sulphur-containing fatty acid

maleic acid: a colourless soluble crystalline substance used to synthesize other compounds. Formula: HOOCCH:CHCOOH

malic acid: a colourless crystalline compound occurring in apples and other fruits . Formula : HOOCCH 2 CH(OH)COOH

mucic acid: colourless crystalline solid carboxylic acid

nitric acid: Nitric acid is a strong colourless acid containing nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen .

oleic acid: a colourless oily liquid unsaturated acid occurring, as the glyceride, in almost all natural fats used in making soaps, ointments, cosmetics, and lubricating oils. Formula: CH 3 (CH 2 ) 7 CH:CH(CH 2 ) 7 COOH

oxalic acid: poisonous acid found in many plants

oxygen acid: → oxyacid

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Однокоренные слова:

acidic - кислый
acidify - подкислять, окислять, окисляться
acidity - кислотность, едкость
acidize - окислять
acidly - едко, холодно, с кислой миной, недовольным тоном, с раздражением

Связанные слова: